Garden design, lines and themes | The Guardian Nigeria News

I didn’t like dealing with lines and angles in math class, but I like to use them when thinking about landscape ideas. Take advantage of lines, shapes and angles when considering your garden ideas and landscaping to add drama and impact.

Drawing on artistic principles for landscaping, the line is one of the most important and useful design elements. Everything in the garden involves the line. Think of the distant horizon, the line created when a lawn ends and flower beds begin. A sidewalk, driveway or fence is a clear and easily accessible line in the landscape. When planning and designing your garden, always consider the line created by anything you add.

There are four main ways to describe lines: straight, curved, horizontal, and vertical. None is more important than the others – each has different effects. Strong lines can draw your gaze into the landscape, directing both where people are looking and where they are going.

Curved lines shape informal garden beds and add interest to pathways. Straight lines invoke a sense of order and cleanliness that is more formal.
Soothing horizontal lines create a sense of stability. Think of the oceans and how its vast expanse meets the sky, creating an overwhelming sense of peace and majesty. The vertical lines project a feeling of strength and movement.

No matter what types of lines you use, know that the lines direct the eyes. Lines that move away from you on the ground pull you forward. The horizontal lines on the ground slow you down. The vertical lines lead the eye up and out of the garden. The curved lines take the eye on an intriguing journey. All are desirable. It’s up to you to know where the lines will take you and what you will see once there.

Designing a garden often goes beyond deciding what plants you want to grow and what type of function you want your garden to have. Thematic elements can also influence the appearance of a garden. There are many different landscaping themes, from the simplest to the most complex, but it pays to choose one to guide your selection of plants and materials.

Before choosing a theme, it is important to take a look at the surrounding views of your property. Decide if you want to open your yard, close your yard, or a bit of both, to these views. In other words, do you want the garden to surround the space around you and relate primarily to the house, or do you want the garden to open up views and look outward, in relation to the surroundings? . This will give you a starting point for thinking about a theme. Care should be taken to choose appropriate themes for your yard based on the architecture, type of environments, topography and regional landscapes. This is called the “sense of place”, which means that it fits into the environment.

Thematic styles are mainly related to architecture and often simplify the design of a residential garden as the materials and form are to some extent predetermined. Many style themes today are a contemporary take on traditional garden designs. Architecture is usually the primary source of a theme, but themes can also represent an era, culture, place, or feeling, such as serenity or calm. The advantage of using a traditional style theme is that the established set of shapes and elements have historically worked well together and have stood the test of time.

Because architectural styles generally fall into the formal or informal category, the complementary landscape theme tends to be formal or informal. Formal architecture and garden styles that can be used as inspiration include French, Spanish, Italian, and Middle Eastern. Less formal designs include English, American, Oriental. Style themes can also apply to the planting plan and may include tropical plantations, desert grasslands, forests / woods, swamps, or coastal plantings. Themes can be as simple as a mixture of colors or plants with a distinct character, such as ornamental grasses used several times in the composition.

Create and link spaces
The courtyard is an extension of the house where various activities take place. A yard can generally be divided into three zones: public (the front yard), private (the back yard), and service (usually the side yard). The location of the activity zones depends mainly on the type of zone, the size of the space required, the type of activity and the desired proximity to other activities and structures.

Some examples of spaces include the main entrance that brings you and your visitors into your home, a kitchen / dining / entertainment area (patio or terrace), a play area; a dog (or pet) park, a secret garden / relaxation area, a vegetable garden or a recreation area and a waste / compost / work area. Perhaps the most important spatial concept for a successful garden design is the creation of exterior rooms in the yard. These spaces are often separated by the use of flower beds, lawns, trees, planters, garden walls, arbors, level changes and paved surfaces.

Features are used to enclose or define spaces and give them a roomy feel. For psychological comfort; creating human-sized spaces is important because most people prefer to be in places that feel protected and sheltered, rather than open and exposed. The exterior wall of the house is often used as the first wall or as a starting point for an exterior room.

Incompatible uses should be separated and related activities such as cooking and eating should be brought together to make the yard more efficient and enjoyable. When using the landscape to create spaces, use building materials similar to those used in the house to ensure continuity from the house to the garden.

Foot traffic in the landscape should move people around the yard and provide an organizational structure. The exterior rooms are usually connected by footpaths, steps, walkways, or openings with doors or arbors that encourage exploration and use of the entire yard. These spaces can also be linked by visual elements such as a creek bed (wet or dry) that winds through or alongside multiple spaces, or a garden wall that begins at a patio, moves along. a turf area and ends alongside a planted area.

The use of similar features and repeating plants draws the eye around the garden. Important points along the way can be highlighted by plantings or elements that attract attention and encourage movement in a particular direction. Moving along the path takes a person from one area to another and allows the user to have a variety of experiences. In an informal garden, the curves and bends in the path must partly mask what awaits us. This provides a feeling of mystery that promotes exploration and discovery of the landscape.

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